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Washington Hawthorn

A dense, round-headed, high-branching small tree with slender upright branches-short trunk. Native to southeastern U.S.

Scientific Name:
Crataegus phaenopyrum
Mature Height:
20 - 30'+
Mature Spread:
to 20'
Leaves:
Deep green, glossy, 1 1/2 - 2 1/2" long with 3 - 5 sharp pointed lobes, turning orange and red in fall.
Flowers:
Large clusters of white flowers with 5 petals.
Fruit:
Bright, glossy red 1/4" berries persist on tree after leaves fall.
Root System:
No large surface roots.
Growth Rate:
Moderate
Cultural Notes:
Prefers well-drained soils, but tolerates a variety of soils and drought.
Sacramento Specimen:
Goethe Arboretum CSUS. North side, west of center.
701 Regency Circle (corner of Chancery Way) 2 specimens.
May be 2 specimens in front of Rodda Hall at Sac City College, 3835 Freeport Blvd.

Minimum Planting Distances

  • from SMUD pad mounted equipment (such as a transformer mounted on a concrete pad): 8 feet
  • from a building foundation: 6 feet
  • from walks and driveways: 5 feet
  • from an air conditioner: 3 feet
  • from a fence: 3 feet
  • from a utility offset (such as an underground line, pipe or cable): 3 feet
  • from a utility overhead (such as an overhead power line): 0 feet
  • from a swimming pool: 6 feet
  • from a septic system: 15 feet
  • between trees*: 12 feet

* To calculate the planting distance between different size trees, add the distances between each species in the column and divide answer in half. Example: the distance between a Red Maple (large tree) and Amur Maple (small tree) is calculated: 25 feet + 15 feet = 40 feet ÷ 2 = 20 feet. The distance between these two different size trees should be 20 feet.